Kings, First and Second

Kings – Bible Overview

Meaning of Name: The Rulers of Israel

Date of Events: 970 - 586 B.C.

1. To remember, explain, confess
2. Covenant/Deuteronomic history

Outline: (Defined by the Stages of the Monarchy in Israel)
1. David to Solomon, 1 Kings 1-2
2. Solomon, 1 Kings 3-11
3. Two Kingdoms, 1 Kings 12 - 2 Kings 17
    a. Elijah, 1 Kings 17 - 2 Kings 2
    b. Elisha, 1 Kings 19 - 2 Kings 13
4. One Kingdom Left, then Exiled, 2 Kings 18-25

Memorable Chapters
1 Kings 3, Solomon prays for wisdom
1 Kings 6-9, Solomon builds, furnishes, and dedicates the temple
1 Kings 10, The Queen of Sheba visits Solomon
1 Kings 12, The kingdom splits
1 Kings 17-19, Elijah, drought, showdown, and vision
1 Kings 16:31-21:29; 2 Kings 9:30-37, Jezebel
2 Kings 18-20, King Hezekiah prays and is delivered, prays and is healed
2 Kings 22-23, King Josiah finds the book of the law
2 Kings 25, Fall of Jerusalem

Key Verses
1 Kings 2:7-9, Solomon’s request for wisdom
1 Kings 9:2-9, How the covenant works
1 Kings 19:12-13, Elijah sees/hears God
2 Kings 23:5, They worshiped the sun, moon, and planets

Key Words
*King(s) (in Judah): Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshapat, Jehoram, Ahaziah, Athaliah, Joash, Amaziah, Azariah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, Zedekiah
*King(s) (in Israel): Jereboam I, Nadab, Baasha, Elah, Zimri, Tibni, Omri, Ahab, Ahaziah, Joram, Jehu, Jehoahaz, Jehoash, Jereboam II, Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekahiah, Pekah, Hoshea
*Prophet(s): Nathan, Ahijah the Shilonite, Old Prophet in Bethel, Jehu the son of Hanani, Elijah the Tishbite, 100 prophets, Elisha the son of Shaphat, Jonah the son of Amittai, Isaiah the son of Amoz, Huldah the prophetess the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah
*Slept: They all slept with their fathers at they end of their lives, first David in 1 Kings 2:10.

Key Numbers
1 Kings 18:13, 100 prophets, hidden by 50s
1 Kings 18:19, 450 prophets of Baal, 400 prophets of the groves
1 Kings 19:18, God has 7,000 faithful people

Quotes and Echoes
*Solomon’s books written during his reign: Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon
*Other Old Testament books written during the time of the kings: Joel, Amos, Hosea, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations
*Isaiah 36-39, Isaiah tells the story of Hezekiah
*Matthew 6:29; Luke 12:27, Solomon in all his glory
*Matthew 12:42; Luke 11:31, One greater than Solomon is here
*James 5:16-18, Elijah prayed and was heard
*Revelation 2:20-23, Jezebel introduced idolatry
*Revelation 16:13-16, Armageddon could echo the showdown on Mt. Carmel, 1 Kings 17-19.
*Chronicles starts with the ascendancy of David and re-tells the stories from that point

Other Books Mentioned:
1 Samuel 10:24, Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the Lord.
2 Samuel 1:18, book of Jasher
1 Kings 11:41, book of the acts of Solomon
1 Kings 14:19 (and often), book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel
1 Kings 14:29 (and often), book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah

1.    Compare the life cycles and societal changes of Israel's nations as they aged with cultural and societal changes in current world nations as they age. List and discuss any similarities and differences that you might notice.
2.    What does the book of Kings tell you about God? And about you?

Copyright 2016 Wilma Zalabak